INTRODUCTION 1 . 1BACKGROUND TOWARDS THE STUDY
The present geographical enterprise called Nigeria emerged like a colonial condition in 1914 following the amalgamation of the in that case Northern and Southern protectorates by Friend Frederick Lugard. Until October 1st 1960 when the girl gained freedom, Nigeria was obviously a British colony. Presently having a population of over 150 million people, Nigeria remains the most populated nation in Africa. She has over 350 different cultural languages and dialects, making her an extremely heterogeneous contemporary society. The Hausa – Fulani, Yoruba and Ibo stay the major ethnic groups. There is a significant division along religious lines with the north made mainly of Moslems, while the central belt and southern portion of the country is dominated by simply Christians and worshippers of African traditional religions. Relating to Toyo (1985), when it comes to managing this kind of ethnic variety, Nigeria has witnessed changes from a centralized approach to government with three parts to a federal system that may be decentralized. These types of experiments show up not to possess achieved their aims because the politics arrangement even now remains unstable at present. Shively (1977) states that the instability is because similar to most African groupe, Nigeria has not been constructed for internal accordance, but rather intended for the management convenience of the British imperialiste government. Prior to the integration of Nigeria in the world capitalist system through colonialism, farming dominated the neighborhood economy. The pre-eminence of agriculture as a major source of revenue intended for the federal government continued throughout the colonial time period. This prior noticeable the development of farming from subsistence level towards the production of cash crops just like cocoa inside the western element of Nigeria, hand kernel in the eastern section of the country and groundnut inside the northern a part of Nigeria. By independence in 1960, the reliance in agriculture was still prominent while oil made up only 1 percent of government revenue. Presently, oil accounts for 95 percent of government income relegating culture to the history. Oil brought easy cash to Nigeria. Foreign businesses found and extracted the oil, and according to Beckman (1986), the Nigerian government simply opened their coffers and watched the dollars gush in. Sadly, the rising oil cash since freedom has made Nigerians, on average, lesser than they were even inside the early 1970s. This situation is caused by mismanagement and corruption by simply those in leadership positions. Just as federal government opened their coffers pertaining to oil funds to gush in, and so also have govt officials enlarged their bank accounts illegally with oil cash. Cheap oil revenue in Nigeria built hard work unrewarding. Access to condition power turns into a sure supply of wealth rather than hard work in industrial development sector. This kind of brings undue pressure to bear on authorities, consequently, federal government and its corporations have become the just source in which individuals and groups within the country may achieve the two their personal and monetary interests. Due to the combinations of political and economic power in the hands of the post-colonial state, electricity is overvalued and by extendable, over applied. Politics is definitely therefore seen as a source of obtaining material wealth and not just a means of purchasing state electricity for portion of solutions. This is because acquisition of political electric power either through democratic or violent means as well guarantees acquisition of economic electricity. These dual roles in the Nigerian state- arising from the combination of politics and monetary factors have found expression in the sluggish political and economic creation since independence in 60. At the personal level, you can easily point to the frequent changes in government like a product an excellent source of stake in the political power. The country features witnessed eight military ebranlements; five...
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