Religion Exam Notes
Chapter 1 Introductory Paperwork
Comes from the Greek expression ta ethika, meaning very good character. A discipline that deals with the size of the good, the nature of the human person, and conditions that we use for making proper judgement. It is just a standard code of conduct.
The Three Main Theories with the Study of Ethics:
1 ) Normative Theories: the hypotheses of honnete and values which is further divided into three categories: a) Theories of action: deal with questions about how exactly people ought to act and why. b) Theories of character: they are sometimes named virtue theories because they will deal with persona traits which might be good and bad. For instance , courage and wisdom are thought morally very good. c) Hypotheses of value: cope with questions about people's values. For example , precisely what is justice? Injustice? 2 . Metaethics: involves reviewing the meaning from the terms when exploring ethical questions, as well as the methods utilized to carry out the exploration. It also explores just how, and in what sense, ethical judgments may be justified. For instance , a metaethicist will check out the meaning of the word. " should”, before attempting to answer problem, " what should I carry out? ” three or more. Applied Integrity: refers to the usage of normative ideas to ethical problems of human being life (i. e. organization, sports, medicine). Morality (practical)
Comes from the Latin, moralitas, meaning manners, customs, behaviors that condition human existence. A system of right conduct based on fundamental beliefs and obligation to follow along with certain codes, norms, persuits and behaviors of actions. It focuses more upon human activities or techniques we, individuals, can obtain the good through rules, laws, commandments, etc . It is a personal code of behaviour.
The Four Types of Values:
1 . Very subjective Morality: what an individual thinks to be right or wrong (my emotions, my opinions, my world). 2 . Target Morality: the idea that there are certain complete rights and wrongs independent of anyone beliefs (reality that is available outside of myself, whether I see it or not, if I admit it or not, whether I agree with this or not, whether I like it or not, it can there! ). Example: same sex relationship. 3. Christian Morality: a knowledge of right and wrong based in the life and gospel of Jesus Christ. Case in point: divorce. four. Catholic Morality: Christian morality as viewed within the history and traditions of the Catholic House of worship. Catholic morality is not intended to change Christian morality but to particularize looking at Christian concepts by using a Catholic idea. What is the Difference between Ethics and Morality?
Ethics is usually theoretical (ideas/discussion). Morality info (action). How are Ethics and Morality Related?
Ethics courses morality (like a eyesight for our action). Model: Driver's male impotence and then generating. Chapter you Vocabulary Phrases
1 . Autonomy: Free self-direction; responsibility.
installment payments on your Obligation: What one is sure by responsibility or deal to do.
three or more. Responsibility: Being morally given the task of one's activities. Responsibility presumes knowledge, freedom, and the ability to choose and act. 4. Revelation: Many ways that The almighty makes Him self known to mankind. 5. Empiricism: believes that knowledge comes from sensory knowledge. 6. Deontological Ethics (Kant's view): (from the Greek deon, " duty”) it holds that an action is morally right when it is done in the interest of duty regardless of the food or evil generated. Example: a soldier. six. Teleological Ethics (Aristotle's view): (from the Greek telos, " end”, logos, " science”) this states which the purpose plus the result of an action have to be good. It is also called consequentialist ethics. In the end, you want to live good life. almost 8. Objectivity: based on facts; unbiased.
9. Subjectivity: based on emotions, opinions, personal beliefs; prejudiced. 10. Particular Imperative: the final is absolute (Kant); universality of actions. Example: stealing is a crime, period; zero excuses (finalized statement; harsh)...