The Concept of Prime Figures and Actually zero

MTH/110

Mar 14, 2011

The Concept of Prime Numbers and Zero

Perhaps you have ever wondered about the origins of prime numbers or the numeral zero? The ancient philosophers and mathematicians from such early civilizations in Egypt, Greece, Babylon, and India did. Their efforts possess provided the fundamental fundamentals pertaining to mathematics that are used today. Perfect Numbers

A chief number can be " any integer besides a zero or & 1 that is not divisible without a remainder by simply any other integers except & 1 and + the integer itself (Merriam-Webster, 1996). These quantities were initially studied complex by ancient Greek mathematicians who also looked to numbers for his or her mystical and numerological real estate, seeking perfect and cheery numbers. (O'Connor & Robertson, 2009)

In 300 BC, Greek mathematician, Euclid of Alexandria demonstrated and documented in his Book IX in the Elements that prime numbers were infinite. He started using what he believed to be a comprehensive set of prime amounts, created a new number, N, by spreading all of the perfect numbers with each other and adding 1 . This kind of resulted in many not in the list but not divisible simply by any of his prime numbers. N as a result had to be either prime alone or certainly be a composite quantity that was a product of at least two additional prime quantities not in the list. In 1747, a mathematician named of Euler demonstrated that most even amounts were perfect numbers. Nevertheless , one hundred years later in 200 BC, Eratosthenes of Cyrene, a famous Greek mathematician known for his research regarding prime numbers as well as measuring the diameter from the earth, created a procedure or perhaps algorithm pertaining to calculating perfect numbers named the Sieve of Eratosthenes (O'Connor & Robertson, 2009).

The study of prime numbers apparently ceased to exist during the period of time referred to as Dark Age ranges. Studies on the subject were not mentioned again before the early seventeenth century when another visible mathematician called Fermat,...

Sources: Kaplan, Robert (2000). The Nothing That may be: A Natural Great Zero. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Recovered from Wikipedia website: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=0

Merriam-Webster (1996). Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (10th ed. ). Springfield, MUM.

Merriam-Webster (1988). Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Thesaurus. Springfield, MA.

O'Connor, J. J., & Robertson, E. Farreneheit. (2009). Background Topic: Excellent Numbers. Gathered from College or university of Phoenix website: http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/HistTopics/Prime_Numbers.html

O'Connor, M. J., & Robertson, At the. F. (2009). History Subject: A history of Zero. Gathered from College or university of Phoenix website: http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/HistTopics/Prime_Numbers.html

Penner, Robert C. (1999). Discrete Math: Proof Tactics and Mathematical Structures. Community Scientific. Retrieved from Wikipedia website: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=0