2008 Economic crisis - Lehman Brothers, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Essay

Year 2008 to 2009 is an appealing and dramatic time for the finance markets, which marks the beginning of the financial tsunami that went on for a long period of time. First we now have Freddie Macintosh and Fannie Mae taken over by the ALL OF US Treasury, which is one main event adding to the subprime mortgage catastrophe. Then we certainly have the personal bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers which will Mamudi (2008) reported to get one of the major bankruptcy processing in US history with Lehman possessing over $600 billion in assets. Then simply we have the collapse of investment financial institution Bear Stearns, the bailout of AIG and the near-bankruptcy of the country Iceland.

In 2007, many banks in ALL OF US and The european union were struck by a fall of the benefit of mortgage-backed securities. The investment banking institutions and brokerages lost $175 billion of capital between your periods of July 3 years ago to March 2008. JP Morgan Chase rescued Carry Stearns in March 2008 with the help of $29 billion of guarantees through the Fed. By simply end of January 2008, $75 billion of new capital had been injected into banks. In UK, the growing cost of liquidity destroyed the business model of a large mortgage home and the Provided dropped it is interest rate by simply 75 basis points later January. Challenges were currently arising but it did not happen to the world it turned out going to be so drastic. In This summer 2007, Deutsche Bank was forced to protocole out two property-based cash. In August 2007, the united states Treasury prompted Merrill Lynch, Morgan Stanley and Traditional bank of America to set up a $70 billion fund to help ease the cost of the dangerous assets – unfortunately that did not work either. Right at the end of 2007, the world's central banks attempted to pump in large amounts of liquidity into the global financial program. On seventh September 2008, James W. Lockhart 3 (2008) released the decision to position Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in to conservatorship run by the National Housing Financing Agency. On 15th Sept 2008, Lehman Brothers recorded for bankruptcy, which triggered a series of major changes in the stock exchange. The subprime mortgage crisis in the US developed an economic tsunami that efficiently froze the world's credit markets.

The economic tsunami was triggered by a long period of global imbalances and asset bubbles. ALL OF US Federal Hold kept rates of interest so lower in 2001 -- 2006 as a result of fear of economic downturn. However , this in turn made home loans cheap and straightforward which led to subprime home loan crisis. Wikipedia (2010) details subprime home loan crisis since an ongoing property crisis and financial crisis activated by a remarkable rise in mortgage delinquencies and foreclosures in the United States. Dodd (2007) said that roughly 80% individuals mortgages given in recent years to subprime debtors were adjustable-rate mortgages. US house rates went approximately its maximum in core 2006 and commence to drop thereafter creating refinancing for being very difficult. While adjustable-rate mortgages began to totally reset at bigger rates, mortgage loan delinquencies went up. That caused a large decline inside the capital of numerous banks therefore causing stress to the world's credit.

The banks themselves borrowed to acquire up subprime lenders. To be able to limit their own exposure, they will repackaged the indegent debts in CDOs (collaterised debt obligations) and sell them to their consumers. By doing this, banks and hedge funds had supposedly " insured” the risk. The main cause of the financial tsunami is the bursting states housing bubble. High arrears rates in subprime and adjustable-rate loans have caused a huge tension on the world's finance. As interest rates gone up and housing prices start to drop, refinancing became a serious issue.

The business model of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac generated millions of Americans who no way to finance their homes to obtain houses around the assumption that housing beliefs would retain rising. And on the furthermore, lenders wanted to reduce their risks and enhance profits simply by rolling the mortgages in bonds. The MBS (mortgage-backed securities) had been...

References: 2. Mamudi, S i9000. (2008) – Lehman retracts with record $613 billion debt – MarketWatch – http://www.marketwatch.com/story/lehman-folds-with-record-613-billion-debt?siteid=rss

5. James N

* Wikipedia (2010) – Subprime Mortgage loan Crisis – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subprime_mortgage_crisis

2. Dodd, C

* PTZeleza (2008) – The Financial Tsunami upon Wall Street – The Zeleza – http://www.zeleza.com/blogging/u-s-affairs/economic-tsunami-wall-street

* Geithner, T. N

* Zakaria, F. (2008) – There exists a Silver Cellular lining – NewsWeek – http://www.newsweek.com/id/163449

* Barr, C

5. Uchitelle, L. (1996) – H. L. Minsky, 77, Economist Who have Decoded Lending Trends – New York Instances – http://www.nytimes.com/1996/10/26/us/h-p-minsky-77-economist-who-decoded-lending-trends.html

* Christie, L

5. Bernanke, B. S. (2008) – Federal Reserve Policies in the Financial meltdown – http://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/speech/bernanke20081201a.htm

* Bies, S. S

* Agranovich, B. (2010) – Discover How Real Estate Programmers Manage Their particular Risks – http://www.finroad.com/directory/articles/discoverhowrealestatedevelopersmanagetheirrisks.html

2. Andersen, L

* Mesure, S. (2008) – The Credit Crunch: High Street Blues – http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/analysis-and-features/the-credit-crunch-high-street-blues-812190.html

5. Neal, Meters

* Steve, D. C. (2008) – Preventing the Next Subprime Crisis – http://www.heritage.org/Research/Reports/2008/03/Preventing-the-Next-Subprime-Crisis

* Nesterenko, A

* Chan, J. (2008) – The American " financial tsunami: visits Asia – http://www.wsws.org/articles/2008/sep2008/asia-s18.shtml

2. Wallison & Calomiris (2008) – The final Trillion-Dollar Dedication – AEI – http://www.aei.org/outlook/28704

* Labaton, S. (2008) – Agency's 04 Secret Let Financial institutions Pile Up Fresh Debt – NY Times – http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/03/business/03sec.html?_r=1

* Wolf, M

* Soros, G (2008) – The Most detrimental Market Turmoil in 60 years – FEET. com -- http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/24f73610-c91e-11dc-9807-000077b07658.html?nclick_check=1

5. Harrington, S. D

2. TPM Visitor Blog (2009) – The Power of Belief – http://tpmcafe.talkingpointsmemo.com/talk/blogs/paulw/2009/03/the-power-of-belief.php

2. Saunders, A

* Oyama, T. (2010) – Post-Crisis Risk Management: Bracing for the Next Excellent Storm – Wiley

5. Jablonowski, Meters

* Chorafas, D. In. (2009) – Financial Growth and Gloom: The Credit and Banking Crisis of 2007-2009 and Beyond – Palgrave Macmillan

* Examine, C

5. Foster, L. B. (2009) – The Great Financial Crisis: Triggers and Implications – Month to month Review Press

* Wessel, D

2. Zandi, Meters. (2008) – Financial Impact: A in a complete circle Look at the Subprime Mortgage Implosion, and How to Stay away from the Next Economic crisis – FOOT Press

2. Shiller, R. J


 FindingsConclusion and Recommendation Essay
FindingsConclusion and Recommendation Essay

Findings A research showed that location A(The two) is found in Tsim Sha Tsui which is near major office systems, hotels and retail things while position B(Hyyan Centre)…...

 Essay within the Case Study G20 Maketing Decision
Essay within the Case Study G20 Maketing Decision

The case analyze G20 – Marketing Making decisions [pic] [pic] 1 ) Refer coming from perceptual map, SAAB, AS BMW HYBRID and Honda are direct competitors of Infinity…...

 Essay on Save Nature
Essay on Save Nature

Save The Mother Earth By: Arjhon Acordon " We hardly can easily sleep. That stuff seriously my concentrate on now is actually to save Mother Earth for humanity.…...

 Market Admittance Strategy Essay
Market Admittance Strategy Essay

Cunningham1 (1986) identified five strategies utilized by firms intended for entry into new international markets: i) Technical creativity strategy - perceived and demonstrable superior products ii) Product adaptation strategy - modifications…...